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Each question has 5 possible answers from which to choose. Only one choice is the most correct answer. Each choice may be accompanied by an explanation.

An adult patient suffers from recurrent lower limb cellulitis. During one episode, he experiences an anaphylactic reaction to cephalexin. This is treated quickly and results in a good outcome. Thereafter, he wears a medic alert bracelet. On another admission, cefazolin is ordered. The patient is concerned about his known allergy. The nurse checks with the physician and the order is changed. Although the patient is thanked for voicing his concern, he remains worried the event almost happened.

The term generally used to describe this type of event is:

A 50-year-old woman has an elective cholecystectomy. She experiences a complication and is frustrated by the lack of information given to her by the surgeon post-operatively. She questions why the complication occurred and as a result launches a legal action.

What principle of law is the claim likely based on? Choose the best answer.

Despite appropriate monitoring of gentamicin levels, a patient with sepsis suffers renal damage, perhaps partially as a result of the medication. A legal action alleging negligence or civil liability (fault) is launched, claiming the renal damage was preventable.

On what basis will the court determine the standard of care? Choose the best answer.


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