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Regulation in healthcare

Laws, regulations and policies

Large health care team with diverse positionsHospitals are regulated by provincial/territorial laws and regulations (e.g. Hospital Act).

Physicians are governed by provincial/territorial laws (e.g. Medical Act, Hospital Act); College by-laws and regulations; and hospital by-laws and regulations.

Physicians are self-regulated through their provincial medical regulatory authority (College).
Regulatory authority, professional:  Licensing body for a profession.
Provincial/territorial medical regulatory authority (College)
Body that regulates the practice of medicine in each province or territory to ensure the public receives quality medical care from physicians. The responsibilities include:
- Issuance of certificates of registration to allow the practice of medicine,
- Maintenance of standards of practice,
- Investigation of complaints against physicians, and
- Remedial education or discipline for those guilty of professional misconduct or incompetence.
The medical profession is self-regulating in Canada. Each authority has an investigative process and committee structure to make decisions on different issues and complaints.
 The Colleges provide policies and guidelines for practice.

Other regulated healthcare professionals have similar regulatory structures.

Physicians are also bound by the policies and rules of the hospital, facility, or organization where they work.

Medical students and residents are accountable to their educational institution, as well as to any facility in which they may work on an educational rotation.